The final point of adjudication (excluding appeals), in which the attorneys present facts and legal arguments before the court. Some trials are short and simple, taking no more than half a day. Others can go on for weeks. A jury may be selected, or the case may be heard and decided exclusively by a judge (i.e. bench trial). In family cases, bench trials are known as non-jury trials.

Trial procedure is, for the most part, standardized: [1] a jury, if requested, is selected, [2] opening statements are made by both sides (identifying the parties involved, explaining what happened, and why each side is or isn't liable), [3] evidentiary support is presented (testimonial and material), [4] closing statements are made and [5] a final decision is rendered by a judge or jury.