Trial

The final point of adjudication (excluding appeals), in which the attorneys present facts and legal arguments before the court. Some trials are short and simple, taking no more than half a day. Others can go on for weeks. A jury may be selected, or the case may be heard and decided exclusively by a judge (i.e. bench trial). In family cases, bench trials are known as non-jury trials.

Trial procedure is, for the most part, standardized: [1] a jury, if requested, is selected, [2] opening statements are made by both sides (identifying the parties involved, explaining what happened, and why each side is or isn't liable), [3] evidentiary support is presented (testimonial and material), [4] closing statements are made and [5] a final decision is rendered by a judge or jury.